It may prove to be easier to shed light on the limits of homophobia if we closely examine the inferiorizing processes that each concept can cover and the intervention possibilities homophobia and heterosexism respectively allow. Fine dir. Le Marais, pour lui, c'est toujours les autres, leurs regards, l'absence de communication :.
They are also more likely to wish to experience childbirth as adults. The degree of attachment to the gay milieu appears stronger in those from a modest background and from outside Paris, who often experienced rejection in their place of origin, with social stigmatization reinforcing communitarian forms of withdrawal Adam, Transgender parenting makes us enter a world in which men get pregnant and give birth to their children, where women conceive with their sperm, where women are fathers and men are mothers.
Sociological research has also shed light on the strategies adults have adopted in order for the households they form with their children to be perceived as families. Virginie Descoutures has shown that even outside the bounds of heterosexual procreation, lesbian mothers are subject to heteronormativity, in particular as regards the experience and the perceptions expressed by the non-legal mothers.
In blended families as well as in same-sex families, the non-legal parents have ne legal existence. The edited volume directed by Laurence Hérault b focuses on the crucial topic of procreation and engendering by transgender persons and the troubles caused by the pregnancy of a man or the use of her own sperm by a woman.